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New: Likely Social Studies Questions and Answers For BECE 2021 Candidates

If you are looking for some likely social studies questions and answers to try your hands-on, then you are on the right page. Because in this article we have gathered some of the Likely Social Studies Questions and Answers For BECE 2021 Candidates.

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The social studies subject is one of the core subjects that can be used for grading BECE students for the 2021 placement.

It will be much helpful if you score a better grade in this subject alongside the other subjects. So In this article, we have decided to get you some of the Likely social studies exams for trial.

Please note that these questions are not ‘Apor’, but some selected past questions from Waec BECE.

So if you are here, we entreat you to study these questions as a guide that will help you in your final year BECE examination.

Question One (1)

(a) What is a political party?

(b) Outline four ways in which political parties are important in the practice of democracy

c) Mention two problems facing political parties in Ghana

Question Two (2)

(a) What is human rights abuse?

(b) State three reasons why people suffer human rights abuses

(c) Explain four ways by which human rights abuses may be prevented.

Question Three (3)

(a) Describe the following terms:

(i) source

(ii) confluence

(iii) tributary

(iv) mouth

(b) In what four ways are rivers important in Ghana?

(c) State two ways by which our water bodies can be protected.

Question (Four)

(a) Outline five features of the rainforest

(b State any five benefits of the rain forest.

Question Five (5)

(a) State four causes of high birth rate in Ghana

(b) In what four ways can high birth rate be reduced in Ghana?

Question Six (6)

(a) What is human resource?

(b) Explain three factors which can negatively affect human resources in Ghana

(c) Describe four measures that can be taken to improve human resources in Ghana.


Question One (1)

(a) A political party:Β  An organization that seeks to win and maintain political power within government Or: A group of people with similar ideas on how a nation should be governed and whose aim is to win and maintain political power

(b) Ways in which political parties are important in the practice of democracy

(i) They help to ensure good governance by the ruling government.

(ii) They help with public education on various issues.

iii) They help to promote national unity.

(iv) They train/ groom individuals for political leadership.

(v) They help to bridge the communication gap between the government and the people.

(vi) They nominate and present candidates for general elections.

(c) Mention two problems facing political parties in Ghana.

i) Low financial strength (insufficient funds).

(ii) Tribalism / ethnicity.

(iii) Greediness /self-centredness of leaders and members.

(iv) Disagreements and divisions among both leaders and members (factionalism).

(v) Low supply of suitably qualified members for certain positions.

(vi) Favouritism.

(vii) High levels of illiteracy among grassroots membership.

(viii) Corruption during party elections.

Question Two

(a) What is human rights abuse?

The violation/breach of the rights and freedoms of an individual.

(b) Reasons why people suffer human rights abuses

(i) Ignorance (lack of knowledge) of the individual.

(ii) Fear of consequences.

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(iii) Illiteracy of the individual.

(iv) Intimidation by other parties.

(v) Apathy of the individual.

(vi) Poverty of the individual.

(vii) Lack of confidence in the arms of government.

(viii) Discrimination based on gender, social class, disability, etc.

(ix) Religious beliefs of individual/ society.

(x) Irresponsibility of parents/ guardians.

(c) Ways by which human rights abuses may be prevented.

(i) Increased public education.

Many people do not even know their human rights. The ignorance facilitates the abuse of their rights by others. Education by government agencies and other bodies is therefore necessary to reduce the levels of abuse or even prevent it. The education must include:
– what one’s human rights are,
– how to prevent abuse of one’s rights by others,
– steps to take in case of abuse
– measures to forestall future occurrences

(ii) Strengthening of our democratic and governmental institutions and agencies Institutions such as DOVVSU, CHRAJ, the Ghana Police Service, and the law courts must be strengthened, equipped, and empowered to deal with human rights abuse cases more effectively and swiftly.

(iii) Improving access to both formal and non-formal education

The high levels of illiteracy also contribute to the general ignorance of human rights. Where people are able to read and understand the text on their own, it facilitates quicker and easier gaining of knowledge of human rights and other issues. It is, therefore, necessary to improve access to both formal and non-formal education.

(iv) Modification of cultural practices which tend to infringe on human rights Certain cultural practices or aspects of them that infringe on human rights must be either changed or modified. Some of these practices are puberty rites, widowhood rites, forced marriages, female genital mutilation, etc. Certain aspects, of these practices, which are painful, shameful, humiliating or dehumanizing must be either stopped or modified to more acceptable forms, which do not infringe on one’s human rights

(v) Greater involvement of religious / traditional society

Religious bodies and traditional leaders must come together to address/modify certain practices in their religions or culture which tend to infringe on the fundamental rights of members or even non-members. They should also help with the public campaign against human rightss abuse since their followers take their word more seriously.

(vi) Prompt reporting of abuse cases to the appropriate institutions

People who have been abused, their families, friends, the media and society in general must cultivate the habit of reporting human rights abuse cases promptly. This would stop further abuse and prevent future occurrence if the right measures are taken.

(vii) Prompt prosecution and punishment of offenders

Offenders, who are caught, should be promptly made to face the full rigours of the law. This should serve as a deterrent to others and hence prevent further similar abuses in the future.

(viii) Poverty alleviation (or wealth creation) programmes for the people

As a result of poverty, many people suffer in silence as their human rights are abused regularly, since they may not have the money to even take the necessary measures.

There is therefore the need to run more wealth creation projects in order for people to come out of poverty and gain financial and social freedom.

Question Three (3)


(a) Description of the following terms:

(i) Source: The original point from which the river flows or: the starting point of a river.

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(ii) Confluence: The meeting place of two rivers or streams Or Where a river (or stream) joins another river.

(iii) Tributary: A stream (or river) that joins a larger stream (or river)

(iv) Mouth: The place where a stream or river enters a sea or lake

(b) Ways in which rivers are important in Ghana

(i) Means of Transportation

-Canoes, boats, ferries, etc are used to transport persons and goods on certain rivers.

(ii) Source of water for domestic purposes

– People fetch water from rivers for domestic uses, such as bathing, cooking, washing, and drinking. The Ghana Water Company also gets water from our rivers for treatment and supply as potable water

(iii) Source of water for industrial purposes

– Certain industries rely on water from rivers for some of their industrial operations

(iv) Source of food (fish/protein)

– Fishermen in Ghana obtain fish from our rivers

(v) Source of employment

– Rivers provide employment and therefore income both directly and indirectly to people such as fishermen, tour guides, Volta River Authority workers, farmers, etc.

(vi) Generation of hydroelectric power

– The Akosombo dam generates electricity for the entire country using water from the Volta River. The Bui Dam, also for the generation of hydroelectric power is still under construction.

(vii) Tourist attraction sites

– Certain rivers serve as tourist attractions, which help to generate income and foreign exchange for the country.

(viii) Irrigation of farmlands

– In areas where there is little or no rainfall, farmers rely on river to
water their crops

(ix) Drainage system to prevent flooding

– When rain falls, the water runs into gutters / drains, which carry them into rivers. This prevents flooding of communities.

(x) Habitat for aquatic organisms

– Several organisms and micro organisms in the ecosystem live in various rivers

(xi) Source of minerals

– Certain rivers have mineral deposits in them, eg, alluvial gold in Rivers Birim, Pra, and Offin, an alluvial diamond in the Birim River.

(xii) Helps in rain formation

– Large amounts of water vapour in the atmosphere come from water evaporation from the surface of rivers. The water vapour rises higher, becomes cooler, condenses, and falls as rain.

(c) Ways by which our water bodies can be protected.

(i) Planting many trees along the river banks

(ii) Government agencies ensuring that people/industries do not pollute the rivers by throwing waste into them.

(iii) Intensifying public education on the need to protect our rivers and how to do it.

(iv) Legislation – making and enforcing laws to prevent river pollution and indiscriminate cutting of trees.

Question Four (4)


(a) Features of the rain forest

(i) The trees are arranged in 3 layers – top, middle and lower storeys.

(ii) The trees have buttress roots that hold them firmly in the ground.

(iii) The trees are evergreen throughout the year.

(iv) The top storey trees are tall and have inter-locking canopies that block sunlight from reaching the lower parts of the forest.

(v) The middle storey trees are of medium height and have thick trunks, and many branches and leaves.

(vi) The lower storey consists of shorter trees, shrubs, and herbaceous plants.

(vii) Dead leaves, branches, and fungi are common in the undergrowth.

(viii) There are many ferns, mosses, parasitic plants, and woody climbers which twist around the trees.

(ix) The rain forest supports the cultivation of crops like cocoa and timber, and also serves as a habitat for several wild animals.

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(b) Benefits of the rain forest

(i) Provides timber, which serves as raw material for both local and foreign wood industries.

(ii) The nation obtains foreign exchange from the export of timber, which is gotten from the rain forest.

(iii) Raw materials for the crafts industry, eg, cane for basket weaving.

(iv) Most of the trees are used for medicinal purposes (as herbs)

(v) Serves as a habitat for wild animals and other living organisms

(vi) Serves as a protection for some rivers – keeps them from drying up

(vii) Source of food – some trees produce fruits and leaves which are edible.

(viii) Supports the cultivation of some crops, such as cocoa, rubber, etc

(ix) Provides employment for timber merchants, farmers, herbalists, etc

(x) Supports the tourism industry – Serves as tourist attractions sites

(xi) Provides wood for energy – firewood and charcoal.

Question Five (5)

(a) Causes of high birth rate in Ghana.

(i) Early marriage (usually of girls)

(ii) Poverty

(iii) Ignorance of dangers of unplanned child bearing

(iv) Extra-marital sexual relationships

(v) Ineffective family planning programmes

(vi) Discomfort with the usage of contraceptives

(vii) Teenage pregnancy

(viii) High fertility rate

(ix) Rejection of family planning and birth control measures

(x) Polygamy (the practice of having more than one marriage partner at the same time)

(xi) The satisfaction and prestige from having a large family

(xii) Wrong application of birth control measures

(xiii) Idleness of the youth due to unemployment or productive recreational centres.

(b) Ways in which high birth rate can be reduced in Ghana?

(i) Intensification of the girl-child education campaign.

(ii) Setting up of wealth creation projects.

(iii) Public education on unplanned parenting must be intensified.

(iv) Married couples must be encouraged to stay faithful.

(v) Family planning programmes must be reviewed regularly to make them more effective.

(vi) Couples should try other contraceptives, under professional guidance, if they have problems with the ones they use.

(vii) Religious and moral education in schools must be intensified.

(viii) Parent must get closer to their children, especially girls, in order to know and address the personal challenges they may be facing.

(ix) Couples must be more open and willing to accept family planning methods.

(x) Polygamy must be discouraged as much as possible.

(xi) Religious and traditional bodies must help to change the societal perception of large family size.

(xii) Rural developmental projects must be intensified.

(xiii) Sex education (including Reproductive health education) in schools and at home must be encouraged.

(xiv) Provision of some sort of incentives to smaller-sized families.

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